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2009-3-4

家园原创写手 爱心徽章,09年为家园助学活动奉献爱心纪念徽章

发表于 2019-3-13 11:01:00 |显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 海瑟薇 于 2019-3-13 11:01 编辑

彭博社报道称,迫于政府压力,美国普林顿大学、斯坦福大学、俄亥俄州立大学和加州大学伯克利分校都表示正在减少与华为的联系。据教育部门称,华为在2012-2018年期间向9所美国大学提供了1060万美元的赞助和资金,用于技术和通信项目研究。

以下为英文全文内容:

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Top U.S. Universities Shun Cash From Huawei Under Trump Pressure

Top U.S. universities are shunning research money from Huawei Technologies Co. amid pressure from Congress and the Trump administration to limit dealings with the Chinese telecommunications-equipment maker over national security concerns.

Princeton University, Stanford University, Ohio State University and the University of California at Berkeley all say they are cutting or reducing ties to Huawei. The company gave $10.6 million in gifts and contracts to nine U.S. schools for technology and communications programs from 2012 to 2018, according to the Education Department.

“More and more of our universities have cut their ties,” said Tobin Smith, vice president at the Association of American Universities that represents 62 research institutions. In September, the FBI held “a major summit” with university presidents in Washington, Smith said.

The university retreats show how pressure surrounding Huawei is quietly affecting research institutions, even as U.S. authorities mount an aggressive public campaign for companies and European allies to avoid doing business with the company. Federal prosecutors indicted the company in January on charges of trade-secret theft, and its chief financial officer was arrested in Canada on U.S. accusations of busting sanctions placed on Iran.

U.S. colleges and universities operate under an ethos of open, worldwide intellectual exchange. They strive to protect academic freedom from government, political and corporate influence and try to resist pressure to rupture research funding and relationships. But in Huawei’s case, some universities have submitted -- albeit reluctantly.

“Huawei has been a good partner. But we take very seriously the federal indictments about the company’s business practices,” Berkeley Vice Chancellor for Research Randy Katz said in an interview.

“It really is a disservice to the technology companies in the United States and Europe, and to the researchers at universities that are in the forefront of new scientific and technical developments in this field, to be locked out of the ability to interact with companies like Huawei,” Katz said. “We’re cutting ourselves off from the opportunity to learn.”

U.S. officials say Huawei may pose a threat of espionage, in part because it must under Chinese law respond to Beijing’s security agencies. The Shenzhen-based company rejects such assertions, saying no evidence has been presented of any misdeeds. Accusations against the company may be political in nature, a lawyer for Huawei’s chief financial officer, who is fighting extradition from Vancouver to the U.S., told a Canadian court March 6.

President Donald Trump’s administration has devoted high-level attention to Huawei’s role at universities. The Federal Bureau of Investigation and intelligence agencies briefed Education Department staff on July 18 in the White House Situation Room, according to a Nov. 9 letter to lawmakers from Diane Auer Jones, Education’s principal deputy under secretary.

Education Department spokesman Jim Bradshaw declined to comment.

The FBI “has met with officials from academia as part of our ongoing engagement on national security matters,” according to statement from the agency.

“They’re very careful not to say you should or shouldn’t deal with this company,” Smith, with the Association of American Universities, said. “But they help you to assess the risk.”

Members of Congress are also taking an interest. Representative Jim Banks, an Indiana Republican, on Tuesday announced legislation to have intelligence agencies monitor sensitive university research by Huawei, ZTE as well as Confucius Institutes -- Chinese-funded groups that promote language and culture on about 100 U.S. campuses.

“Huawei, ZTE and Confucius Institutes are snakes in the grass,” Banks said. “More and more of our colleagues are committed to cutting the heads off those snakes and preventing them from infiltrating our academic institutions, our telecom infrastructure, because of the serious nature of these threats.”

Huawei invites research scholars to participate in its Huawei Innovation Research Program, which provides funding ranging from $30,000 to $70,000 for work in communication technology, computer science, engineering, and related fields. The program has over 1,000 collaboration partners, including the University of Cambridge, the National University of Singapore and the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, according to its web page.

Chase Skinner, a spokesman for Huawei, didn’t respond to repeated inquiries by email and telephone over several days.

Princeton, Stanford

Princeton took in two gifts from Huawei in 2017 totaling $274,990, according to the Education Department. The funds went to support two computer-science research projects, said Michael Hotchkiss, a spokesman for the school in Princeton, New Jersey.
“We decided in July 2018 not to accept any new gifts from the company,” Hotchkiss said in an email. “In January 2019, we let Huawei know we would not accept the third and final $150,000 installment of a gift in support of computer-science research, which was our only active Huawei-supported project. There are no Huawei-funded projects at the university now.”

Stanford “has established a moratorium on new engagements, gifts, affiliate membership fees, and other support from Huawei,” E.J. Miranda, a spokesman, said in an email. “We have undertaken this pause out of an abundance of caution and are aware of nothing inappropriate arising from past support that Huawei has provided to Stanford.”

Ohio to Oxford

Ohio State received $1.2 million from Huawei, according to the Education Department.

“These gifts and contracts funded basic research in computer science engineering and electrical and computer engineering,” Ben Johnson, an Ohio State spokesman, said in an email. “We are in the process of closing out the final contract, and are not accepting or pursuing any other gifts or contracts from Huawei.”

U.S. universities aren’t alone in rethinking Huawei connections. Oxford University in England decided in January not to pursue new funding from Huawei, Stephen Rouse, head of university communications, said in an email. Two existing research projects with a combined funding from Huawei of about $900,000 will continue, Rouse said.

Huawei funds are but a fraction of overall foreign giving to U.S. colleges and universities, which totaled $9.2 billion over the past six years, the Education Department found.

The Education Department’s list doesn’t capture all Huawei funding of higher education. For instance, Berkeley says it had $7.8 million in multi-year commitments with Huawei in the middle of 2018, compared with a total of $1.4 million in gifts that the Education Department counts.

‘Severity of Accusations’

At Berkeley, Katz, the vice chancellor, in a Jan. 30 letter told colleagues the school “will not enter into or discuss new research collaborations” while charges against Huawei are before the courts. “The severity of these accusations raises questions and concerns that only our judicial system can address,” Katz said in the letter.

Berkeley will honor existing agreements, none of which involve sensitive technological secrets, Katz said in the letter.
The fate of Huawei-funded research has spurred debate among U.S. educators.

“We always talk about finding the right balance between science and security,” Smith said. “In light of the current climate, I think we all need to assess what that balance is.”



军衔等级:

  大校

注册时间:
2007-12-19
发表于 2019-3-13 11:13:52 |显示全部楼层
这个有些不同的看法,在国外怎么样不清楚,但在国内,很多大学教授都不愿意和华为合作,原因嘛,这个企业太鸡贼 太功利 太多的小动作!

点评

scnc001  对待的态度不同  详情 回复 发表于 2019-3-16 20:46
zhangxian6  的确如此+1  详情 回复 发表于 2019-3-14 17:35
惜缘不良人  的确如此  详情 回复 发表于 2019-3-13 19:06
已有 1 人评分家园币 收起 理由
yy511 + 1

总评分: 家园币 + 1   查看全部评分

军衔等级:

  新兵

注册时间:
2018-10-29
发表于 2019-3-13 11:56:29 |显示全部楼层
没事来看看 发表于 2019-3-13 11:13
这个有些不同的看法,在国外怎么样不清楚,但在国内,很多大学教授都不愿意和华为合作,原因嘛,这个企业太 ...

我也有些不同的看法,在国内,我们实验室的老师在开发票把华为资助的钱套出来自个儿花呢。不过嘛,现在国家的钱也好拿,学校不缺钱。

军衔等级:

  二级通信军士

注册时间:
2018-3-17
发表于 2019-3-13 12:03:16 来自手机 |显示全部楼层

印第安纳州众议员公开侮辱华为,中兴,是草丛里的蛇。反诉这厮是必要的。

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  二级通信军士

注册时间:
2018-3-17
发表于 2019-3-13 12:05:07 来自手机 |显示全部楼层
Chase Skinner, a spokesman for Huawei, didn’t respond to repeated inquiries by email and telephone over several days.
华为,这个外籍媒体发言人,也学曾国藩那一套,啐面自干,就是不吭声? 深得中华文化之精华。

军衔等级:

  中校

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2004-10-26
发表于 2019-3-13 12:58:25 来自手机 |显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 非法用户 于 2019-3-13 15:08 编辑

大学不听政府的,不就是反政府吗

军衔等级:

  下士

注册时间:
2018-12-16
发表于 2019-3-13 13:15:59 来自手机 |显示全部楼层
美狮醒过来了!

点评

syfen  之前利用美国的开放还是赚了不少便宜的,这下有点麻烦了,这不是华为一家的事情。我看开源这个便宜还能赚多久,Kafka已经改了开源授权,云厂商利用开源盈利不回馈,特别点名亚太区。  详情 回复 发表于 2019-3-15 19:34
惜缘不良人  比喻恰当  详情 回复 发表于 2019-3-15 18:56

军衔等级:

  少尉

注册时间:
2016-6-8
发表于 2019-3-13 14:03:28 来自手机 |显示全部楼层
西方人眼里,HW就是一个剽窃者,没有任何创新能力,很难获得欧美的真正尊重。

副总统拜登就是这种立场的典型代表

军衔等级:

  少尉

注册时间:
2016-6-8
发表于 2019-3-13 14:46:49 来自手机 |显示全部楼层
华为中兴这样的买办型企业,尝到了剽窃全球化技术的甜头后,上了瘾欲罢不能,眼光盯上了全球顶尖的大学研究机构,把人家要吓着了。

华为中兴资本家,尽功急利,不踏实做好自己内部的创新研发,光投机取巧从外面偷取廉价的创新,拿来主义文化占了上风,高压扼杀内部的独立思考和创新能力,毒害耽误了整整一代悻悻学子和国家精华啊,

点评

sunchina  华为是买办企业? 美国不遗余力的要干死买办? 黑的好!  详情 回复 发表于 2019-3-13 15:25

军衔等级:

  二级通信军士

注册时间:
2005-5-16
发表于 2019-3-13 15:13:04 |显示全部楼层
要客观议论,不能偏激,HW和ZX每年那么多专利不是创新吗?

点评

惜缘不良人  非核心专利没有话语权利,ZTE就是一个典例,当时那个停摆是叫停立刻停,屁都不敢放。那么HW就比ZTE强?面临ZTE同样的情况,估计也是立刻停摆。  详情 回复 发表于 2019-3-14 13:27

军衔等级:

  新兵

注册时间:
2019-3-13
发表于 2019-3-13 15:19:45 |显示全部楼层
没有任何创新能力

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  下士

注册时间:
2017-8-31
发表于 2019-3-13 15:25:03 |显示全部楼层
akuka 发表于 2019-3-13 14:46
华为中兴这样的买办型企业,尝到了剽窃全球化技术的甜头后,上了瘾欲罢不能,眼光盯上了全球顶尖的大学研究 ...

华为是买办企业?
美国不遗余力的要干死买办?
黑的好!

军衔等级:

  少尉

注册时间:
2016-6-8
发表于 2019-3-13 15:29:30 来自手机 |显示全部楼层
不是真的要干死,只是羞辱,要让13亿人添堵,

点评

lmzdgbzl  又扯13亿人,华为全球才18万员工,而且这18万里面也不是100% 觉得是添堵。  详情 回复 发表于 2019-3-18 10:27
profdong  添堵,能解决什么问题?白皮们好幼稚。  详情 回复 发表于 2019-3-14 10:38

军衔等级:

  新兵

注册时间:
2019-3-13
发表于 2019-3-13 16:51:34 |显示全部楼层
华为是买办企业?

军衔等级:

  少尉

注册时间:
2016-6-8
发表于 2019-3-13 17:45:19 来自手机 |显示全部楼层
都知道HW是买办血统啊
最早代理国外交换机成品卖给国内,
后来模仿人家的产品,做系统集成,卖给国内,

军衔等级:

  少尉

注册时间:
2016-6-8
发表于 2019-3-13 17:55:35 来自手机 |显示全部楼层
本帖最后由 akuka 于 2019-3-13 17:58 编辑

奇耻大辱啊,送钱送机票,人家都不肯接受;

人家早就看扁看透你了,高压文化,肯定不会产生创新,拜登总统的观点,代表着老美主流。

点评

profdong  老美是人类的主流?美式价值观是人类价值观的最高点和终极点?  详情 回复 发表于 2019-3-14 10:39
已有 1 人评分家园币 收起 理由
yy511 + 1 赞一个!

总评分: 家园币 + 1   查看全部评分

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  下士

注册时间:
2019-2-17
发表于 2019-3-13 19:06:08 |显示全部楼层
没事来看看 发表于 2019-3-13 11:13
这个有些不同的看法,在国外怎么样不清楚,但在国内,很多大学教授都不愿意和华为合作,原因嘛,这个企业太 ...

的确如此

点评

49679711  中国人自以为是的聪明和精明表现得淋漓尽致,然,员工工资真高  详情 回复 发表于 2019-3-14 09:43
microwavefox  我觉得倒相反,是国内大学的研究进度和实际成果,离商业化的要求还有一定差距。要论技术含量,离华为内部研发都未必赶得上,更别说美国顶级大学。 而且,华为比较苛刻,钱不好拿,做不出真东西,后续合作就比较麻烦  详情 回复 发表于 2019-3-14 09:30

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  新兵

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2014-3-8
发表于 2019-3-14 09:30:07 |显示全部楼层
惜缘不良人 发表于 2019-3-13 19:06
的确如此

我觉得倒相反,是国内大学的研究进度和实际成果,离商业化的要求还有一定差距。要论技术含量,离华为内部研发都未必赶得上,更别说美国顶级大学。
而且,华为比较苛刻,钱不好拿,做不出真东西,后续合作就比较麻烦。还不如拿国家的钱。
华为早期很多核心东西都来自于外研所,也有很多跟大学合作的项目,如果少了这个渠道,后续技术发展可能会慢一些,不过现在实力也起来了。

点评

scnc001  这个中肯  详情 回复 发表于 2019-3-16 20:48
kennytty  顶, 确实要这样  详情 回复 发表于 2019-3-14 10:22
seatosummit  在国内找教授做一些技术研究很难,很多人自己是不做研究的,完全甩给学生,华为做技术研究合作是有要求的,不是政府资助那样发篇论文搞个技术结项就放置一边了,国内教授里清华还是很不错,另外有些海归教授也很好。  详情 回复 发表于 2019-3-14 09:48

军衔等级:

  三级通信军士

注册时间:
2012-12-9
发表于 2019-3-14 09:43:14 |显示全部楼层
惜缘不良人 发表于 2019-3-13 19:06
的确如此

中国人自以为是的聪明和精明表现得淋漓尽致,然,员工工资真高

军衔等级:

  上士

注册时间:
2009-8-17
发表于 2019-3-14 09:48:08 来自手机 |显示全部楼层
microwavefox 发表于 2019-3-14 09:30
我觉得倒相反,是国内大学的研究进度和实际成果,离商业化的要求还有一定差距。要论技术含量,离华为内部 ...

在国内找教授做一些技术研究很难,很多人自己是不做研究的,完全甩给学生,华为做技术研究合作是有要求的,不是政府资助那样发篇论文搞个技术结项就放置一边了,国内教授里清华还是很不错,另外有些海归教授也很好。其实香港资源不错,未来香港的高校科研如果和珠三角这些企业形成密切合作,未来可期。

点评

akuka  华为的拿来主义哲学,其实就是偷,受到全世界的警惕,美英高校都不赞成合作,必须要考虑改善企业形象了。 华为作为一个企业公司,有一定的经营范围和科研方向,可以学习贝尔实验室,正式雇佣顶尖科学家为华为公司  详情 回复 发表于 2019-3-14 11:30
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